Puebla 2016// Devolution and territorial development inequalities: The Kenyan experience
Present day Kenya became a British colony at the conclusion of the Berlin Conference of 1884/1885. Initially a company, the Imperial British East African Company, administered the colony on behalf of the British government. The colonial state was to all intents and purposes not a developmental state. It adopted policies geared towards extracting as much resources from the people as it could without investing the same in the social and economic development of the indigenous people. The state spent its energies developing regions occupied by British colonial settlers. The result was that some regions of the country developed while others stagnated or experienced underdevelopment. While poor people are found in both the developed and the disadvantaged regions, the severity of poverty was harsher among the people in the disadvantaged regions.